Biological Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles; A Review

Authors

  • Shahana Khattak Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Gul Rehman Elmi 1-Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Faculty of Pharmacy, IQRA University Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.
  • Farah Azhar Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Hina Ahsan Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Kalsoom Saleem Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Faryal Jahan 1-Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Shifa College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55627/pharma.001.001.0200

Keywords:

Magnetic nanoparticles, chronic diseases, nanoscale materials, chemotherapeutic agents, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, biomedical applications

Abstract

In nanotechnology field, iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (IONPs) have gained much interest. The magnetic nanoparticles have been widely explored for applications due to ease of manufacturing and functionalization with polymers and other materials which makes them highly sensitive for many biological and biomedical applications. They transform electromagnetic energy into heat when exposed to magnetic field, and, hence, prove themselves as potent anti-cancer agent. The most advanced application of nanoscale materials towards human health is application as contrast agents in imaging modalities. MNPs proved safer as imaging contrast agents than conventional methods. MNPs have also been used in overcoming bacterial resistance and as anti-viral agent. They provide further evidences as emerging means in treatment and diagnosis of CVD and chronic inflammatory diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis. They also have employed in gene therapy to treat chronic diseases now a day.

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Published

2022-12-31

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